Screen reader for individuals who are blind or visually impaired

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Orca v3.33.4pre


Orca is a free, open source, flexible, and extensible screen reader
that provides access to the graphical desktop via user-customizable
combinations of speech and/or braille.

Orca works with applications and toolkits that support the assistive
technology service provider interface (AT-SPI), which is the primary
assistive technology infrastructure for the Solaris and Linux
operating environments. Applications and toolkits supporting the
AT-SPI include the GNOME GTK+ toolkit, the Java platform's Swing
toolkit, OpenOffice/LibreOffice, Gecko, and WebKitGtk. AT-SPI support
for the KDE Qt toolkit is currently being pursued.

See also for detailed English and Spanish
information on Orca, including how to run Orca, how to communicate
with the Orca user community, and where to log bugs and feature


Orca v3.34.x is supported on GNOME 3.34.x only. We highly suggest you
use the latest releases of GNOME because they contain accessibility
infrastructure and application bug fixes that help Orca work better.

Orca also has the following dependencies:

* Python - Python platform (minimum version 3.3)
* pygobject-3.0 - Python bindings for the GObject library
* gtk+-3.0 - GTK+ toolkit
* json-py - a JSON ( reader and writer in Python
* python-speechd - Python bindings for Speech Dispatcher (optional)
* BrlTTY - BrlTTY support for braille (optional)
* BrlAPI - BrlAPI support for braille (optional)
* py-setproctitle - Python library to set the process title (optional)
* gstreamer-1.0 - GStreamer - Streaming media framework (optional)


NOTE: If you have multiple versions of the Python interpreter installed
on your machine, you should set the PYTHON environment variable when
configuring Orca. For example:

PYTHON=/usr/bin/python3.3 ./


PYTHON=/usr/bin/python3.3 ./configure


Orca depends upon the Python bindings for BrlAPI available in BrlTTY v4.5
or better. You can determine if the Python bindings for BrlAPI are
installed by running the following command:

python -c "import brlapi"

If you get an error, the Python bindings for BrlAPI are not installed.

See also for more information on
BrlTTY and also using liblouis for contracted braille.

Running Orca

If you wish to modify your Orca preferences, you can press "Insert+space"
while Orca is running.

To get help while running Orca, press "Insert+H". This will enable
"learn mode", which provides a spoken and brailled description of what
various keyboard and braille input device actions will do. To exit
learn mode, press "Escape." Finally, the preferences dialog contains
a "Key Bindings" tab that lists the keyboard binding for Orca.

For more information, see the Orca documentation which is available
within Orca as well as at:

Scripting Orca

So, you want to write a script for Orca? The best thing to do is
start by looking at other scripts under the src/orca/scripts/ hierarchy
of the source tree. Also, the docs/doc-set/internals.html file contains
detailed information about the internal workings of Orca.